Editorial note: This is a two-part series dedicated to explaining a recent data release about firearm deaths in King County and Seattle. You can access the complete data report here. In our last post we focused on the latest data on firearm homicide.

Note to journalists, bloggers, and anyone sharing this information or any information about suicide: To keep media coverage from causing suicide contagion, we ask that you follow the guidelines at when covering this complicated issue.

Our public health approach to gun violence is a framework that we use to understand how and when firearms are used unsafely, raise public awareness of firearm safety practices, and develop and evaluate upstream, evidence-based prevention programs in partnership with community stakeholders. This work hinges on effective data collection and analysis so that we can accurately assess community need.

Review our injury prevention team’s latest data release on firearm deaths in Seattle and King County, and you’ll find our most recent analysis of firearm deaths (both homicides and suicides). It looks at the data by geography, demographics, and over time in great detail, and we hope that this will help community and Public Health as they work to prevent gun violence.

What we learned about suicide in our community

We’re making this post on our firearm suicide data during Mental Health Month because getting the support we need to keep a crisis from turning lethal is a key part of suicide prevention.

From 2012 – 2016, almost three quarters of deaths by firearm in King County residents were suicides. Middle-aged and older adults and men overall have higher firearm suicide rates than the King County average. By race, white, American Indian and Alaska Native* populations have higher rates of firearm suicides.

Unlike firearm homicide, suicides by firearm aren’t concentrated by poverty or neighborhood; this is something that affects all communities. Like homicide, a death by suicide affects many other people, and suicide risk can spread. (See note to journalists above.)

What you can do to reduce the risk of firearm suicides

We know that a firearm in the home increases the risk of suicide. Firearms are the most lethal means of suicide and it is rare to survive a suicide attempt with a gun. Access to a firearm can greatly increase the risk of a temporary crisis, and suicide rates are higher in places with higher gun ownership. Fortunately, firearm owners have several options to prevent their guns from being used in a suicide.

  • Store firearms locked up in and near home. This is particularly useful for preventing suicide by young people and household members struggling with behavioral health issues. Keep the key on your person or the combination private; combinations should be changed if a family member who is unauthorized to use firearms and/or in crisis knows them. In instances where origin of the firearm was known, seventy percent of young people under age 18 who died by firearm suicide in King County between 1999 and 2017 used a gun belonging to a family member. Reducing access to unsecured guns can save a life.
  • If you or someone you live with are having a crisis or suicidal thoughts, did you know it’s legal for you to transfer your guns to a trusted friend or family member for safe keeping? This is a good way to keep yourself safe or ensure your firearms are temporarily out of reach for a family member in crisis. For more information, see the specific language of the law here.
  • If you’re worried a family member who might have access to firearms may hurt themselves or someone else, you may be able to get an Extreme Risk Protective Order, which temporarily suspends that person’s ability to possess or purchase firearms. See here for more information.

Everyone can play a role in preventing suicide. Be aware of the common warning signs of suicide risk, and if you see warning signs in someone else or yourself, reach out for help! Asking for help in a crisis can be difficult for many of us, but it’s one of the best ways to protect ourselves when having suicidal thoughts. Some helpful resources:

*Some racial/ethnic groups and geographies in King County have small populations, making it difficult to reliably describe their health data and compare them with larger populations. The firearm suicide rate was high for American Indian/Alaska Native residents in King County although not significantly different from the rates for black, Hispanic, or white residents.


  1. As a public health student at the University of Washington, this is a very interesting read. On campus, we have counselling services and a crisis center. However, these services are limited, so students who may be experiencing mental health crises and are feeling suicidal may not receive the support they need.
    The minimum age for purchasing a firearm in Washington State is now 21 thanks to the passing of I-1639. This initiative passed with the goal of decreasing the number of school shootings which protects the health and safety of young students. The raising of the firearm purchasing age also decreases the opportunities college students have of purchasing a firearm to respond to mental health crises. In addition, with many college students living away from home, the opportunity of accessing a firearm from their parents or guardians is limited as well.
    Although the data provided in this blog post focuses on 2012-2016, before I-1639 passed, I am interested to see how the data may change in the future. According to the author, “middle-aged and older adults and men have overall higher firearm suicide rates than the King County average”. In addition to raising the age ceiling for purchasing a firearm, I-1639 implements a waiting period and enhanced background check for purchasing or transferring semiautomatic assault rifles.
    The waiting period in this situation is 10 days, meaning an individual in the throes of a mental health crisis has 10 days to find help and calm down. This ensures that individuals who are considering suicide by firearm can’t immediately act on this and this barrier can give them the time they need to rethink their plan and find help.

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