Update as of 3/19/19: On March 8, 2019 Public Health received additional testing results from the Washington State Patrol Crime Lab from a syringe found at the scene of multiple overdoses that took place in the north area of Seattle on January 17, 2019. The syringe was found to contain carfentanil, in addition to heroin. Carfentanil has only been found in drug substances in Washington state on very rare occasions.
Carfentanil is a powerful form of fentanyl that has been linked to a significant number of overdose deaths nationwide. It is 10,000 times more potent than morphine and is not approved for use in humans in any capacity. In fact, the drug is so powerful, that when veterinarians handle carfentanil, they use protective gear to they don’t breathe it in.
In King County to date, no fatal overdoses have been linked to carfentanil.
If you use drugs, do not use alone. If you suspect an overdose:
- Call 911 immediately and administer naloxone. Naloxone is a fast-acting drug that temporarily reverses the effects of an opioid overdose. When in doubt – administer naloxone. Naloxone is not harmful if given to someone who is not experiencing an overdose. Naloxone is a short acting drug and a person can go back into overdose so be sure to monitor the person for several hours after naloxone has been administered.
- Multiple and higher doses of naloxone may be needed to reverse the effects of carfentanil.
Update: 1/18/19: As an update to the report of several overdoses in the north area of Seattle on Thursday, January 17th, testing from one of the syringes found at the scene is positive for fentanyl. This tells us that fentanyl is likely to have been involved in at least one overdose and we suspect it may have played a role in others. No further testing is anticipated.
We have seen a significant increase in fentanyl-related deaths in King County. Fentanyl has been involved in 33 deaths in 2017 and 58 deaths in 2018. (The 2018 number of fentanyl-involved deaths may increase as 2018 samples continue to be tested and confirmed.)
Fentanyl could potentially be present in any illicit drug, in any form. Locally, illicit fentanyl has most commonly been found in powders and in a variety of counterfeit pills made to look like prescription opioids.
You can’t see, smell, or taste fentanyl. The amount of fentanyl in street drugs can vary, even within the same batch. While one ”hit” might not lead to overdose, a different ”hit” from the same or a different batch could be fatal.
In addition to the testing results, we are aware of one additional overdose today in the same area that reportedly required multiple doses of naloxone to revive and that was not evaluated by first responders.
Public Health is working closely with partners to continue to closely monitor the situation and to coordinate outreach to ensure people who use drugs use as safely as possible and know about the risks of fentanyl that may be circulating.
Originally posted on 1/18/19
2 thoughts on “Update: Carfentanil found in syringe at scene of January overdoses”
As a public health student, I find it alarming that fentanyl-related deaths have increased in Seattle, and that we have seen such a spike from 2017 to 2018. In my opinion, this provides a greater impetus for opening Safe Injection sites (also called Safe Injection facilities, or SIFs) in our region. SIFs are sites where individuals can inject opioids in a safe environment supervised by medical professionals. With the Washington state Supreme Court’s December ruling against Initiative 27 (which would have banned the use of public funds for SIFs) the chances of Seattle opening one are greater than ever! We as citizens should do everything in our power to promote them. Our neighbors to the north in Vancouver BC reacted to rising fentanyl-related deaths by opening Safe Injection sites, and thanks to the proper administration of naloxone by trained professionals, these SIFs have never had an overdose death. Opponents often cite concerns around SIFs as being an uptick in crime or drug use in neighborhoods with SIFs, however a systematic review from the Journal of Drug and Alcohol dependence found that SIFs were associated with a reduction in dropped needles and public drug injections. Drug addiction is a disease recognized by the American Medical Association, and should be treated as such. SIFs are a clear solution to prevent drug related deaths, particularly as fentanyl becomes more and more common in drugs. I applaud this article for highlighting the dangers of fentanyl, and implore all readers to speak up about SIFs and their ability to save lives.
Thank you for the post, I’m currently doing a research on the Executive Order 16-09 (HCA’s Clinical Opioid Policy). The policy required physicians limited the number of prescriptions for the short-term Medicaid enrollees’ patients and restricted certain amounts on children and under age 18. While people intentionally seek out fentanyl for abuse, others may consume it unintentionally. Given the potency of fentanyl and the highly variable doses in illicit substances, the risk of overdose is considerable, especially for those who are opioid naïve. After reading the post, it makes me wonder the effectiveness of the opioid policy, and the gap that the policy hasn’t examined yet. Fentanyl exists in illicit drugs such as heroin, cocaine and crack, and importantly found in syringes in recent overdose. They are an urgent need for harm reduction strategies, including naloxone, can reduce fentanyl and opioid-related morbidity and mortality. Safe injection site is a concrete example of how to monitor the situation and coordinate outreach to ensure people who use drugs as safely as possible and know about the risks of fentanyl that may be circulating. However, King County’s safe injection site proposal has been pushing back and forth. In Philadelphia has launched theirs “overdose prevention site” instead of safe injection site to have better PR – good marketing. Importantly, opioid overdoes death are not happening in the population here. And it would not have a massive impact in overdose. In general, the more resources of harm reduction for this population is the better.
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